mysql如何让一个存储过程定时执行

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mysql怎么让一个存储过程定时执行
查看event是否开启: show variables like ‘%sche%’;
将事件计划开启: set global event_scheduler=1;
关闭事件任务: alter event e_test ON COMPLETION PRESERVE DISABLE;
开户事件任务: alter event e_test ON COMPLETION PRESERVE ENABLE;

简单实例.
创建表 CREATE TABLE test(endtime DATETIME);

创建存储过程test
CREATE PROCEDURE test ()
BEGIN
update examinfo SET endtime = now() WHERE id = 14;
END;

创建event e_test
CREATE EVENT if not exists e_test
on schedule every 30 second
on completion preserve
do call test();

每隔30秒将执行存储过程test,将当前时间更新到examinfo表中id=14的记录的endtime字段中去

1) 首先来看一个简单的例子来演示每秒插入一条记录到数据表

USE test;
CREATE TABLE aaa (timeline TIMESTAMP);
CREATE EVENT e_test_insert
ON SCHEDULE EVERY 1 SECOND
DO INSERT INTO test.aaa VALUES (CURRENT_TIMESTAMP);
等待3秒钟后,再执行查询看看:

mysql> SELECT * FROM aaa;
+———————+
| timeline            |
+———————+
| 2007-07-18 20:44:26 |
| 2007-07-18 20:44:27 |
| 2007-07-18 20:44:28 |
+———————+
2) 5天后清空test表:

CREATE EVENT e_test
ON SCHEDULE AT CURRENT_TIMESTAMP + INTERVAL 5 DAY
DO TRUNCATE TABLE test.aaa;
3) 2007年7月20日12点整清空test表:

CREATE EVENT e_test
ON SCHEDULE AT TIMESTAMP ‘2007-07-20 12:00:00’
DO TRUNCATE TABLE test.aaa;
4) 每天定时清空test表:

CREATE EVENT e_test
ON SCHEDULE EVERY 1 DAY
DO TRUNCATE TABLE test.aaa;
5) 5天后开启每天定时清空test表:

CREATE EVENT e_test
ON SCHEDULE EVERY 1 DAY
STARTS CURRENT_TIMESTAMP + INTERVAL 5 DAY
DO TRUNCATE TABLE test.aaa;
6) 每天定时清空test表,5天后停止执行:

CREATE EVENT e_test
ON SCHEDULE EVERY 1 DAY
ENDS CURRENT_TIMESTAMP + INTERVAL 5 DAY
DO TRUNCATE TABLE test.aaa;
7) 5天后开启每天定时清空test表,一个月后停止执行:

CREATE EVENT e_test
ON SCHEDULE EVERY 1 DAY
STARTS CURRENT_TIMESTAMP + INTERVAL 5 DAY
ENDS CURRENT_TIMESTAMP + INTERVAL 1 MONTH
DO TRUNCATE TABLE test.aaa;
[ON COMPLETION [NOT] PRESERVE]可以设置这个事件是执行一次还是持久执行,默认为NOT PRESERVE。
8) 每天定时清空test表(只执行一次,任务完成后就终止该事件):

CREATE EVENT e_test
ON SCHEDULE EVERY 1 DAY
ON COMPLETION NOT PRESERVE
DO TRUNCATE TABLE test.aaa;
[ENABLE | DISABLE]可是设置该事件创建后状态是否开启或关闭,默认为ENABLE。
[COMMENT ‘comment’]可以给该事件加上注释。

三、修改事件(ALTER EVENT)
ALTER EVENT event_name
[ON SCHEDULE schedule]
[RENAME TO new_event_name]
[ON COMPLETION [NOT] PRESERVE]
[COMMENT ‘comment’]
[ENABLE | DISABLE]
[DO sql_statement]
1) 临时关闭事件

ALTER EVENT e_test DISABLE;
2) 开启事件

ALTER EVENT e_test ENABLE;
3) 将每天清空test表改为5天清空一次:

ALTER EVENT e_test
ON SCHEDULE EVERY 5 DAY;
四、删除事件(DROP EVENT)
语 法很简单,如下所示:

DROP EVENT [IF EXISTS] event_name
例如删除前面创建的e_test事件

DROP EVENT e_test;
当然前提是这个事件存在,否则会产生ERROR 1513 (HY000): Unknown event错误,因此最好加上IF EXISTS

DROP EVENT IF EXISTS e_test;

create event test
ON SCHEDULE AT ‘2007-09-01 12:00:00’ + INTERVAL 1 DAY
on completion not preserve
do insert into yyy values(‘hhh’,’uuu’);

解释:从2007-09-01开始,每天对表yyy在12:00:00进行一个插入操作。而且只执行一次(on completion not preserve )

我的计划任务为:

create event sysplan
ON SCHEDULE AT ‘2010-05-22 23:00:00’ + INTERVAL 1 DAY
on completion not preserve
do truncate table bjproj.ae_tmp;

三、通过设定全局变量event_scheduler 的值即可动态的控制事件调度器是否启用。
查看是否event_scheduler开启mysql> SHOW VARIABLES LIKE ‘%event%’;
设置开启mysql> SET GLOBAL event_scheduler=ON;
四、例子:
每分钟插入一条日志:DELIMITER //CREATE EVENT `user_log_event` ON SCHEDULE EVERY 1 MINUTE STARTS ‘2010-12-27 00:00:00’ ON COMPLETION NOT PRESERVE ENABLE DO BEGIN INSERT INTO log SET addtime=NOW();END//
调用存储过程:DELIMITER //CREATE EVENT `user_log_event` ON SCHEDULE EVERY 1 DAY STARTS ‘2010-00-00 00:00:00’ ON COMPLETION NOT PRESERVE ENABLE DO BEGIN        CALL user_log_prov();END//

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